When planting a new lawn, it’s essential that it receives all the conditions it requires for its success. Therefore, prior to sowing seeds or seedlings into the soil you must aerate and prepare it in order to guarantee optimal conditions for growth.
Next comes sowing: depending on your region, cool-season grass seed should be scattered either during fall or early spring sowings.
1. Soil Prep
An essential step in cultivating a lush lawn is prepping its soil for planting. This involves loosening and amending it to allow for optimal drainage, nutrition and growth of grass seeds.
An effective first step to take when looking to revitalize soil quality is conducting a soil test. This provides information on its pH properties, which helps determine if lime needs to be added in order to balance acidity levels in your soil and improve nutrient availability.
Tilling soil to break up compacted areas and incorporate amendments, mulch or compost is one way of breaking up compacted areas and mixing in amendments, mulch or compost. For an even surface, use a bow rake or seeding rake to break up large cluds of dirt and even out the surface as much as possible by raking over your plot with its edge to edge raking technique.
Water the area before sowing seed. This allows it to adhere to the ground and ensure fast germination, and makes sure that moisture can quickly access nutrients and water directly through its roots.
Depending on the grass species chosen, seeded lawns can take up to one year for full maturity; one way of speeding this process up is laying sod.
Before planting, loosen the top three to five inches of soil by using either a rototiller for large areas or shovel for smaller bare patches. After that is completed, use a rake to smooth over the area in order to break up any large soil clumps and provide a flat surface for planting.
Scatter the grass seed by hand or use a drop spreader for larger areas, being sure to follow the recommended seeding rate on the bag. After spreading, water the seedbed to dampen and maintain proper seed-to-soil contact for quick germination.
Once your soil is in top shape, with no weeds present and any major issues such as pests or fungus addressed, it’s time to get down to business. Conduct a walk through of your yard in order to identify high and low areas as well as any utility equipment that must be concealed beneath its new lawn.
At this stage, it’s crucial to keep the soil moist but not saturated. Small seedlings can quickly die if their environment dries out, so water lightly at least two or three times daily until moisture saturation occurs – test this by pressing a screwdriver into the soil – if it easily sinks in then you know when to stop watering!
Watering should take place between 5-7am in order to limit evaporation and keep moisture off of your lawn for too long a time period, thus avoiding moisture collecting overnight and leading to fungal growth. Once established, only 1 to 1.5 inches will need irrigation each week.
Mowing is an integral component of lawn maintenance. To keep the grass healthy and undamaged, cut it regularly enough but no too frequently that it causes harm to the plant.
Most grass types thrive with higher mower settings; some varieties, like zoysia and centipedegrass, respond even better at lower settings. When possible, avoid mowing when grass is wet as this will take more time and may damage the lawnmower.
Altering your mowing pattern is another effective way to save time. Cutting in one direction all of the time will create wheel ruts which may prove challenging to break free from, plus changing up your routine allows the grass to stand taller – try cutting concentric or S patterns instead of straight across. It will make this job go much quicker!
Adopting the appropriate fertilizer into your yard will give it a much-needed boost of essential nutrients. To determine which kind of fertilizer would work best, conduct a soil test beforehand.
Sowing fine fescue seeds after clearing away leaves in the fall gives them time to establish themselves before shade intensifies with spring leaf growth, providing ample time for establishment. Sowing fine fescue is also a good solution for overseeding established lawns or patching bare spots in existing ones.
Use a landscape rake to grade the base material for proper drainage. If your installation is large, recruit some strong friends to assist. When placing Quick Grass onto concrete surfaces it is recommended that a rubber shock pad be used as safety measure and to reduce falls and injuries; furthermore it prevents concrete leakage onto your grass surface.
6. Weed Control
Weeds have the potential to take over a lawn if allowed to become too dense, making grass growth hard. They also block sunlight and water from reaching the soil, so it is crucial that they be removed before you plant new seeds.
Annual weeds such as crabgrass and chickweed typically have shallow roots, making them easier to hand-pull than perennial ones with deeper roots that require digging and re-pulling before finally being eradicated – this makes dandelion forks or fishtail weeders invaluable tools in this task.
Before planting, a nonselective herbicide should be applied to clear away existing vegetation on site. It’s best used early morning when wind speeds are low to minimize drift and harm to desirable plants.
Mulching can help prevent erosion while providing multiple advantages. Mulch can increase soil microbes, balance nutrient needs, and promote plant growth – you can use different materials like chipped bark, sawdust or leaves as mulch for maximum effectiveness.
Gravel can add bulk and create a firm surface, helping Quick Grass resist sinking lawns and drainage issues. Installation is straightforward and gravel can be found at most hardware stores.
After you have laid your turf, ensure all piles fall in an even direction (the outer edges should have an overhang from each pile, known as “THE OUTER”) and secure with PST Lawns professional seaming tape or glue for an uninterrupted finish. Stretch out and trim with a Stanley knife if necessary for seamlessness.
The artificial grass range at www.quickgrass.co.uk is ideal for fast cover and overseeding of thin areas and bare spots in your lawn, helping repair them quickly. Best planted early spring or fall when temperatures range between 60-80 degrees F for optimal results; available in 3 lb bags that cover 1,300 sq. feet each.
Roll out your Quick Grass and leave it flat rolled for at least 12 hours to give it time to settle and the creases to relax, before brushing it lightly with a stiff broom. Seam your Quick Grass so the “grain” of fibers align in one direction for more realistic grass appearance; when done, trim edges using a Stanley knife.
9. Mulching Again
An effective mulch can protect new grass seed, keep soil moist and prevent weeds. A quality mulch should be made of organic material such as straw (not hay, which contains seeds that could harbor weeds), shredded bark or screened compost to provide maximum benefit.
Mulch should be applied after seed has been planted and should be lightly raked and spread to an approximate depth of one inch. On sloped areas, netting may be necessary to secure its placement.
To achieve optimal results, avoid plastic mulch or rock/gravel coverings. Silver plastic works wonders in warming soil conditions while at the same time not controlling weeds and being costly; stone and crushed rock can provide permanent mulches but weed seeds may find their way in between the stones, necessitating infill. This step is especially important on slopes; infill adds ballast while giving your lawn memory so it doesn’t become matted down after hours of foot traffic.
10. Raking and Rolling
Establishing grass seed takes more work than sod, but its lower costs and natural aesthetic make up for it. DIYers will find this a manageable summer project to complete; you could save thousands in future lawn maintenance expenses.
Before seeding, lightly rake the surface to even out any potential lumps or uneven areas – too much pressure could cover seeds too deeply or disperse them, leaving bare spots. Next use a lawn roller, working both ways across both directions of travel to flatten the site out completely while making sure its firm surface barely leaves footprints behind.
Before installing Quick Grass, measure the installation area to ascertain how many rolls of grass will be necessary. Mark each roll before cutting it to size according to your preferences.